The Messenger Visits Zacharias
The author makes a point to say Elisabeth was barren and noted she and her husband were advanced in their days.
Zacharias received news: (1) of his wife going to bear him a son, and (2) all that was said would become of this son. Then, Zacharias questions the messenger saying, "Whereby shall I know this?" giving their age as reason for disbelief.
This line of questioning appears to demonstrate Zacharias' doubt concerning the conception and/or birth of this child, not necessarily doubt over what was said would become of this son.
Evidently he should not have doubted such a thing, given the example of Abraham and Sarah conceiving and bringing forth a son in their old age. As a result, Zacharias was made silent, unable to speak, until the words spoken by the messenger came to pass.
Then, the author states that Zacharias went away to his house and after those days, his wife Elisabeth conceived. Naturally, it's assumed Zacharias knew his wife in order to bring about this conception.
The author identifies Mary to be a virgin, espoused to a man, who is of the house of David.
Then he explains that the messenger came to her with a similar type message as in the case with Zacharias, saying she would conceive and bear a son, and he talks about what is to become of this son, particularly that this son would be given his father David's throne.
The natural assumption is that the conception of this child would come as a result of her husband, the man identified as being of the house of David, to whom she was espoused, knowing her.
Unlike Zacharias, Mary was not made mute when she questioned the messenger. Instead, she was given further information.
Mary Said, How Shall This Be?
Many understand Mary's question to the messenger as pertaining to her husband, as if she was asking how she could conceive without having been known by her man, since the term "to know" used in conjuction with a man is often considered an idiom for marital relations. But this announcement concerns a future event, similar to the announcement made to Zacharias. The messenger was not revealing to Mary that she was already pregnant; rather, he was announcing a future conception. So why would Mary say, "How shall this be?"
Besides being an idiom for sexual intercourse, the phrase can simply mean to literally "know" a man. Thayer's Greek definitions defines the word translated here as "know", "ginosko" (G0197), as to learn to know, come to know, get a knowledge of, perceive, feel; to know, understand, perceive, have knowledge of; to become acquainted with, to know. And the word translated here as "husband" (G435) can also be translated as "man".
I believe Mary was referring to the man being described by the messenger, someone who will be given the throne of his father David and shall reign over the whole house of Jacob.
Zacharias was made mute for not believing the word of the Lord, particularly concerning the conception and birth of a child, not necessarily what his child would become. I can understand his question, though, because the idea of he and his wife having a child in their old age ordinarily would seem impossible.
If Mary's question dealt with simply conceiving and bearing a child, when she is identified as a virgin, espoused to a man, and there is nothing to indicate a physical difficulty in becoming pregnant or delivering a child, I don't understand why she was not made mute.
It seems more likely Mary was wondering how it shall be that she will conceive and bring forth someone who will be given the throne of his father David and shall reign over the whole house of Jacob, in particular, since she didn't know a man like that.
The Holy Spirit Shall Come Upon Thee
Considering the messenger's response to Mary's question, he said holy spirit would come upon Mary and the power of the Highest would overshadow her, therefore also the holy-begotten thing shall be called Son of God.
This appears to me to be saying one of two things:
Either way, though, this was not saying that this child was going to come about without the seed of his father.
- Either God would fashion within her the son that was being described to her, similar to how Jeremiah was formed by YHVH in the womb of his mother and was set apart by Him, appointed for a particular purpose, before he was even born.
And the word of the Lord came to him, saying, Before I formed thee in the belly, I knew thee; and before thou camest forth from the womb, I sanctified thee; I appointed thee a prophet to the nations.
(Jeremiah 1:4-5 Brenton)
- Or God would empower and equip her to raise the son that was being described to her, similar to how the holy spirit came upon those in the book of Acts, enabling them to be witnesses to Jesus all across the land:
and he said unto them, 'It is not yours to know times or seasons that the Father did appoint in His own authority; but ye shall receive power at the coming of the Holy Spirit upon you, and ye shall be witnesses to me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea, and Samaria, and unto the end of the earth.'
(Acts 1:7-8 YLT)
Shall Be Called the Son of God
Considering the beginning, when God made the heaven and the earth, God was the progenitor of all life in this world. He made the various species of life: the fish of the sea, the winged fowl of the air, the land animals and that which creeps on the land, and man, all of which were made to reproduce after like kind.
When God made man, He made him according to His own image and likeness. When Seth was begotten of Adam, he was described as being begotten after his own form, and after his own image.
And Adam lived two hundred and thirty years, and begot [a son] after his own form, and after his own image, and he called his name Seth.
(Genesis 5:3 Brenton)
It appears this is suggesting Adam may be considered a sort of son of God.
This is confirmed by what was said at Jesus' baptism, when he was declared to be the son of God, and the author revealed Jesus himself was beginning to be about thirty years of age, being, as was supposed, the son of Joseph, of Eli...of David...of Abraham...of Seth, of Adam, of God. (Luke 3:21-38)
Now, when the heavens and the earth were finished, and the whole world of them, and God finished on the sixth day His works which He made, He ceased on the seventh day from all his works which He made. (Genesis 2:1-2)
This establishes the point that He did not have unfinished business to tend to thousands of years later, such as forming another man from the dust of the earth.
Considering what was prophesied concerning the physical seed of David, we see that the seed of David, which came from his own body, would be considered a son to God, and God would be a father to him.
Nothing Shall Be Impossible with God
The messenger informs Mary that Elisabeth, her kinswoman, is pregnant in her old age and is in her sixth month, noting she was said to have been barren. He makes the statement that nothing shall be impossible with God, which evidently is a reference back to Sarah conceiving in her old age:
And he said to him, Where is Sarrha thy wife? And he answered and said, Behold! in the tent. And he said, I will return and come to thee according to this period seasonably, and Sarrha thy wife shall have a son; and Sarrha heard at the door of the tent, being behind him.
I believe the messenger was giving this as a sign to increase Mary's faith that what was said to her would indeed come to pass -- not that she would just have a son, since there's nothing unusual about that, but rather that this son would grow to be the king of the whole house of Israel.
And Abraam and Sarrha were old, advanced in days, and the custom of women ceased with Sarrha. And Sarrha laughed in herself, saying, The thing has not as yet happened to me, even until now, and my lord is old. And the Lord said to Abraam, Why is it that Sarrha has laughed in herself, saying, Shall I then indeed bear? but I am grown old. Shall anything be impossible with the Lord? At this time I will return to thee seasonably, and Sarrha shall have a son. But Sarrha denied, saying, I did not laugh, for she was afraid. And he said to her, Nay, but thou didst laugh.
(Genesis 18:9-15 Brenton)
And Mary accepted the word of the LORD on faith.
And Mary having arisen in those days, went to the hill-country, with haste, to a city of Judea, and entered into the house of Zacharias, and saluted Elisabeth.
And it came to pass, when Elisabeth heard the salutation of Mary, the babe did leap in her womb; and Elisabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit, and spake out with a loud voice, and said, 'Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb; and whence is this to me, that the mother of my Lord might come unto me? for, lo, when the voice of thy salutation came to my ears, leap in gladness did the babe in my womb; and happy is she who did believe, for there shall be a completion to the things spoken to her from the Lord.'
And Mary said, 'My soul doth magnify the Lord, And my spirit was glad on God my Saviour, Because He looked on the lowliness of His maid-servant, For, lo, henceforth call me happy shall all the generations, For He who is mighty did to me great things, And holy is His name, And His kindness is to generations of generations, To those fearing Him, He did powerfully with His arm, He scattered abroad the proud in the thought of their heart, He brought down the mighty from thrones, And He exalted the lowly, The hungry He did fill with good, And the rich He sent away empty, He received again Israel His servant, To remember kindness, As He spake unto our fathers, To Abraham and to his seed—to the age.'
And Mary remained with her about three months, and turned back to her house.
(Luke 1:39-56 YLT)
And to Elisabeth was the time fulfilled for her bringing forth, and she bare a son, and the neighbours and her kindred heard that the Lord was making His kindness great with her, and they were rejoicing with her.
And it came to pass, on the eighth day, they came to circumcise the child, and they were calling him by the name of his father, Zacharias, and his mother answering said, 'No, but he shall be called John.'
And they said unto her—'There is none among thy kindred who is called by this name,' and they were making signs to his father, what he would wish him to be called, and having asked for a tablet, he wrote, saying, 'John is his name;' and they did all wonder; and his mouth was opened presently, and his tongue, and he was speaking, praising God.
And fear came upon all those dwelling around them, and in all the hill-country of Judea were all these sayings spoken of, and all who heard did lay them up in their hearts, saying, 'What then shall this child be?' and the hand of the Lord was with him.
(Luke 1:57-66 YLT)
And Zacharias his father was filled with the Holy Spirit, and did prophesy, saying, 'Blessed is the Lord, the God of Israel, Because He did look upon, And wrought redemption for His people, And did raise an horn of salvation to us, In the house of David His servant, As He spake by the mouth of His holy prophets, Which have been from the age; Salvation from our enemies, And out of the hand of all hating us, To do kindness with our fathers, And to be mindful of His holy covenant, An oath that He sware to Abraham our father, To give to us, without fear, Out of the hand of our enemies having been delivered, To serve Him, in holiness and righteousness Before Him, all the days of our life. And thou, child, Prophet of the Highest Shalt thou be called; For thou shalt go before the face of the Lord, To prepare His ways. To give knowledge of salvation to His people In remission of their sins, Through the tender mercies of our God, In which the rising from on high did look upon us, To give light to those sitting in darkness and death-shade, To guide our feet to a way of peace.'
And the child grew, and was strengthened in spirit, and he was in the deserts till the day of his shewing unto Israel.
(Luke 1:67-80 YLT)
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And it came to pass in those days, there went forth a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world be enrolled— this enrolment first came to pass when Cyrenius was governor of Syria— and all were going to be enrolled, each to his proper city, and Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, to Judea, to the city of David, that is called Bethlehem, because of his being of the house and family of David, to enrol himself with Mary his betrothed wife, being with child.
And it came to pass, in their being there, the days were fulfilled for her bringing forth, and she brought forth her son—the first-born, and wrapped him up, and laid him down in the manger, because there was not for them a place in the guest-chamber.
And there were shepherds in the same region, lodging in the field, and keeping the night-watches over their flock, and lo, a messenger of the Lord stood over them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they feared a great fear.
And the messenger said to them, 'Fear not, for lo, I bring you good news of great joy, that shall be to all the people— because there was born to you to-day a Saviour—who is Christ the Lord—in the city of David, and this is to you the sign: Ye shall find a babe wrapped up, lying in the manger.'
And suddenly there came with the messenger a multitude of the heavenly host, praising God, and saying, 'Glory in the highest to God, and upon earth peace, among men—good will.'
And it came to pass, when the messengers were gone away from them to the heavens, that the men, the shepherds, said unto one another, 'We may go over indeed unto Bethlehem, and see this thing that hath come to pass, that the Lord did make known to us.'
And they came, having hasted, and found both Mary, and Joseph, and the babe lying in the manger, and having seen, they made known abroad concerning the saying spoken to them concerning the child. And all who heard, did wonder concerning the things spoken by the shepherds unto them; and Mary was preserving all these things, pondering in her heart; and the shepherds turned back, glorifying and praising God, for all those things they heard and saw, as it was spoken unto them.
And when eight days were fulfilled to circumcise the child, then was his name called Jesus, having been so called by the messenger before his being conceived in the womb.
(Luke 2:1-21 YLT)
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And when the days of their purification were fulfilled, according to the law of Moses, they brought him up to Jerusalem, to present to the Lord, as it hath been written in the Law of the Lord, —'Every male opening a womb shall be called holy to the Lord,' and to give a sacrifice, according to that said in the Law of the Lord, 'A pair of turtle-doves, or two young pigeons.'
And lo, there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name is Simeon, and this man is righteous and devout, looking for the comforting of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon him, and it hath been divinely told him by the Holy Spirit—not to see death before he may see the Christ of the Lord.
And he came in the Spirit to the temple, and in the parents bringing in the child Jesus, for their doing according to the custom of the law regarding him, then he took him in his arms, and blessed God, and he said, 'Now Thou dost send away Thy servant, Lord, according to Thy word, in peace, because mine eyes did see Thy salvation, which Thou didst prepare before the face of all the peoples, a light to the uncovering of nations, and the glory of Thy people Israel.'
And Joseph and his mother were wondering at the things spoken concerning him, and Simeon blessed them, and said unto Mary his mother, 'Lo, this one is set for the falling and rising again of many in Israel, and for a sign spoken against— (and also thine own soul shall a sword pass through) —that the reasonings of many hearts may be revealed.'
And there was Anna, a prophetess, daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher, she was much advanced in days, having lived with an husband seven years from her virginity, and she is a widow of about eighty-four years, who did depart not from the temple, with fasts and supplications serving, night and day, and she, at that hour, having come in, was confessing, likewise, to the Lord, and was speaking concerning him, to all those looking for redemption in Jerusalem.
And when they finished all things, according to the Law of the Lord, they turned back to Galilee, to their city Nazareth; and the child grew and was strengthened in spirit, being filled with wisdom, and the grace of God was upon him.
(Luke 2:22-40 YLT)
And his parents were going yearly to Jerusalem, at the feast of the passover, and when he became twelve years old, they having gone up to Jerusalem, according to the custom of the feast, and having finished the days, in their returning the child Jesus remained behind in Jerusalem, and Joseph and his mother did not know, and, having supposed him to be in the company, they went a day's journey, and were seeking him among the kindred and among the acquaintances, and not having found him, they turned back to Jerusalem seeking him.
And it came to pass, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the teachers, both hearing them and questioning them, and all those hearing him were astonished at his understanding and answers. And, having seen him, they were amazed, and his mother said unto him, 'Child, why didst thou thus to us? lo, thy father and I, sorrowing, were seeking thee.'
And he said unto them, 'Why is it that ye were seeking me? did ye not know that in the things of my Father it behoveth me to be?' and they did not understand the saying that he spake to them, and he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and he was subject to them, and his mother was keeping all these sayings in her heart, and Jesus was advancing in wisdom, and in stature, and in favour with God and men.
(Luke 2:41-52 YLT)
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And in the fifteenth year of the government of Tiberius Caesar—Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod tetrarch of Galilee, and Philip his brother, tetrarch of Ituraea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene— Annas and Caiaphas being chief priests—there came a word of God unto John the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness, and he came to all the region round the Jordan, proclaiming a baptism of reformation—to remission of sins, as it hath been written in the scroll of the words of Isaiah the prophet, saying, 'A voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, straight make ye His paths; every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be made low, and the crooked shall become straightness, and the rough become smooth ways; and all flesh shall see the salvation of God.'
Then said he to the multitudes coming forth to be baptised by him, 'Brood of vipers! who did prompt you to flee from the coming wrath? make, therefore, fruits worthy of the reformation, and begin not to say within yourselves, We have a father—Abraham; for I say to you, that God is able out of these stones to raise children to Abraham; and already also the axe unto the root of the trees is laid, every tree, therefore, not making good fruit is cut down, and to fire it is cast.'
And the multitudes were questioning him, saying, 'What, then, shall we do?' and he answering saith to them, 'He having two coats—let him impart to him having none, and he having victuals—in like manner let him do.'
And there came also tax-gatherers to be baptised, and they said unto him, 'Teacher, what shall we do?' and he said unto them, 'Exact no more than that directed you.' And questioning him also were those warring, saying, 'And we, what shall we do?' and he said unto them, 'Do violence to no one, nor accuse falsely, and be content with your wages.'
And the people are looking forward, and all are reasoning in their hearts concerning John, whether or not he may be the Christ; John answered, saying to all, 'I indeed with water do baptise you, but he cometh who is mightier than I, of whom I am not worthy to loose the latchet of his sandals—he shall baptise you with the Holy Spirit and with fire; whose winnowing shovel is in his hand, and he will thoroughly cleanse his floor, and will gather the wheat to his storehouse, and the chaff he will burn with fire unquenchable.'
And, therefore, indeed with many other things, exhorting, he was proclaiming good news to the people, and Herod the tetrarch, being reproved by him concerning Herodias the wife of Philip his brother, and concerning all the evils that Herod did, added also this to all, that he shut up John in the prison.
(Luke 3:1-20 YLT)
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And it came to pass, in all the people being baptised, Jesus also being baptised, and praying, the heaven was opened, and the Holy Spirit came down in a bodily appearance, as if a dove, upon him, and a voice came out of heaven, saying, 'Thou art My Son--the Beloved, in thee I did delight.'
And Jesus himself was beginning to be about thirty years of age, being, as was supposed, son of Joseph, the [son] of Eli, the [son] of Matthat, the [son] of Levi, the [son] of Melchi, the [son] of Janna, the [son] of Joseph, the [son] of Mattathias, the [son] of Amos, the [son] of Naum, the [son] of Esli, the [son] of Naggai, the [son] of Maath, the [son] of Mattathias, the [son] of Semei, the [son] of Joseph, the [son] of Juda, the [son] of Joanna, the [son] of Rhesa, the [son] of Zerubbabel, the [son] of Shealtiel, the [son] of Neri, the [son] of Melchi, the [son] of Addi, the [son] of Cosam, the [son] of Elmodam, the [son] of Er, the [son] of Jose, the [son] of Eliezer, the [son] of Jorim, the [son] of Matthat, the [son] of Levi, the [son] of Simeon, the [son] of Juda, the [son] of Joseph, the [son] of Jonan, the [son] of Eliakim, the [son] of Melea, the [son] of Mainan, the [son] of Mattatha, the [son] of Nathan, the [son] of David, the [son] of Jesse, the [son] of Obed, the [son] of Booz, the [son] of Salmon, the [son] of Nahshon, the [son] of Amminadab, the [son] of Aram, the [son] of Esrom, the [son] of Pharez, the [son] of Judah, the [son] of Jacob, the [son] of Isaac, the [son] of Abraham, the [son] of Terah, the [son] of Nahor, the [son] of Serug, the [son] of Reu, the [son] of Peleg, the [son] of Eber, the [son] of Salah, the [son] of Cainan, the [son] of Arphaxad, the [son] of Shem, the [son] of Noah, the [son] of Lamech, the [son] of Methuselah, the [son] of Enoch, the [son] of Jared, the [son] of Mahalaleel, the [son] of Cainan, the [son] of Enos, the [son] of Seth, the [son] of Adam, the [son] of God.
(Luke 3:21-38 YLT)
And Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, turned back from the Jordan, and was brought in the Spirit to the wilderness, forty days being tempted by the Devil, and he did not eat anything in those days, and they having been ended, he afterward hungered, and the Devil said to him, 'If Son thou art of God, speak to this stone that it may become bread.'
And Jesus answered him, saying, 'It hath been written, that, not on bread only shall man live, but on every saying of God.'
And the Devil having brought him up to an high mountain, shewed to him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time, and the Devil said to him, 'To thee I will give all this authority, and their glory, because to me it hath been delivered, and to whomsoever I will, I do give it; thou, then, if thou mayest bow before me—all shall be thine.'
And Jesus answering him said, 'Get thee behind me, Adversary, for it hath been written, Thou shalt bow before the Lord thy God, and Him only thou shalt serve.'
And he brought him to Jerusalem, and set him on the pinnacle of the temple, and said to him, 'If the Son thou art of God, cast thyself down hence, for it hath been written—To His messengers He will give charge concerning thee, to guard over thee, and—On hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou mayest dash against a stone thy foot.'
And Jesus answering said to him—'It hath been said, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.' And having ended all temptation, the Devil departed from him till a convenient season.
(Luke 4:1-13 YLT)
And Jesus turned back in the power of the Spirit to Galilee, and a fame went forth through all the region round about concerning him, and he was teaching in their synagogues, being glorified by all. And he came to Nazareth, where he hath been brought up, and he went in, according to his custom, on the sabbath-day, to the synagogue, and stood up to read; and there was given over to him a roll of Isaiah the prophet, and having unfolded the roll, he found the place where it hath been written: 'The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, Because He did anoint me; To proclaim good news to the poor, Sent me to heal the broken of heart, To proclaim to captives deliverance, And to blind receiving of sight, To send away the bruised with deliverance, To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord.'
And having folded the roll, having given it back to the officer, he sat down, and the eyes of all in the synagogue were gazing on him. And he began to say unto them—'To-day hath this writing been fulfilled in your ears;' and all were bearing testimony to him, and were wondering at the gracious words that are coming forth out of his mouth, and they said, 'Is not this the son of Joseph?'
And he said unto them, 'Certainly ye will say to me this simile, Physician, heal thyself; as great things as we heard done in Capernaum, do also here in thy country;' and he said, 'Verily I say to you—No prophet is accepted in his own country; and of a truth I say to you, Many widows were in the days of Elijah, in Israel, when the heaven was shut for three years and six months, when great famine came on all the land, and unto none of them was Elijah sent, but—to Sarepta of Sidon, unto a woman, a widow; and many lepers were in the time of Elisha the prophet, in Israel, and none of them was cleansed, but—Naaman the Syrian.'
And all in the synagogue were filled with wrath, hearing these things, and having risen, they put him forth without the city, and brought him unto the brow of the hill on which their city had been built—to cast him down headlong, and he, having gone through the midst of them, went away.
(Luke 4:14-30 YLT)
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And he came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and was teaching them on the sabbaths, and they were astonished at his teaching, because his word was with authority. And in the synagogue was a man, having a spirit of an unclean demon, and he cried out with a great voice, saying, 'Away, what—to us and to thee, Jesus, O Nazarene? thou didst come to destroy us; I have known thee who thou art—the Holy One of God.'
And Jesus did rebuke him, saying, 'Be silenced, and come forth out of him;' and the demon having cast him into the midst, came forth from him, having hurt him nought; and amazement came upon all, and they were speaking together, with one another, saying, 'What is this word, that with authority and power he doth command the unclean spirits, and they come forth?' and there was going forth a fame concerning him to every place of the region round about.
And having risen out of the synagogue, he entered into the house of Simon, and the mother-in-law of Simon was pressed with a great fever, and they did ask him about her, and having stood over her, he rebuked the fever, and it left her, and presently, having risen, she was ministering to them.
And at the setting of the sun, all, as many as had any ailing with manifold sicknesses, brought them unto him, and he on each one of them his hands having put, did heal them. And demons also were coming forth from many, crying out and saying—'Thou art the Christ, the Son of God;' and rebuking, he did not suffer them to speak, because they knew him to be the Christ.
And day having come, having gone forth, he went on to a desert place, and the multitudes were seeking him, and they came unto him, and were staying him—not to go on from them, and he said unto them—'Also to the other cities it behoveth me to proclaim good news of the reign of God, because for this I have been sent;' and he was preaching in the synagogues of Galilee.
(Luke 4:31-44 YLT)
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Peter Confesses Jesus as the Christ
And it came to pass, as he is praying alone, the disciples were with him, and he questioned them, saying, 'Who do the multitudes say me to be?' And they answering said, 'John the Baptist; and others, Elijah; and others, that a prophet, one of the ancients, was risen;' and he said to them, 'And ye—who do ye say me to be?' and Peter answering said, 'The Christ of God.'
(Luke 9:18-20 YLT)
Whose Son Is the Christ
And he said unto them, 'How do they say the Christ to be son of David, and David himself saith in the Book of Psalms, The Lord said to my lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I shall make thine enemies thy footstool; David, then, doth call him lord, and how is he his son?'
(Luke 20:41-44 YLT)
Jesus Before the Council
And when it became day there was gathered together the eldership of the people, chief priests also, and scribes, and they led him up to their own sanhedrim, saying, 'If thou be the Christ, tell us.' And he said to them, 'If I may tell you, ye will not believe; and if I also question you , ye will not answer me or send me away; henceforth, there shall be the Son of Man sitting on the right hand of the power of God.'
And they all said, 'Thou, then, art the Son of God?' and he said unto them, 'Ye say it , because I am;' and they said, 'What need yet have we of testimony? for we ourselves did hear it from his mouth.'
(Luke 22:66-71 YLT)
Jesus Before Pilate
And having risen, the whole multitude of them did lead him to Pilate, and began to accuse him, saying, 'This one we found perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying himself to be Christ a king.'
And Pilate questioned him, saying, 'Thou art the king of the Jews?' and he answering him, said, 'Thou dost say it .'
And Pilate said unto the chief priests, and the multitude, 'I find no fault in this man;' and they were the more urgent, saying—'He doth stir up the people, teaching throughout the whole of Judea—having begun from Galilee—unto this place.'
(Luke 23:1-5 YLT)
And as they led him away, having taken hold on Simon, a certain Cyrenian, coming from the field, they put on him the cross, to bear it behind Jesus. And there was following him a great multitude of the people, and of women, who also were beating themselves and lamenting him, and Jesus having turned unto them, said, 'Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but for yourselves weep ye, and for your children; for, lo, days do come, in which they shall say, Happy the barren, and wombs that did not bare, and paps that did not give suck; then they shall begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us, and to the hills, Cover us; — for, if in the green tree they do these things—in the dry what may happen?'
And there were also others—two evil-doers—with him, to be put to death; and when they came to the place that is called Skull, there they crucified him and the evil-doers, one on the right hand and one on the left. And Jesus said, 'Father, forgive them, for they have not known what they do;' and parting his garments they cast a lot. And the people were standing, looking on, and the rulers also were sneering with them, saying, 'Others he saved, let him save himself, if this be the Christ, the choice one of God.'
And mocking him also were the soldiers, coming near and offering vinegar to him, and saying, 'If thou be the king of the Jews, save thyself.' And there was also a superscription written over him, in letters of Greek, and Roman, and Hebrew, 'This is the King of the Jews.'
And one of the evil-doers who were hanged, was speaking evil of him, saying, 'If thou be the Christ, save thyself and us.' And the other answering, was rebuking him, saying, 'Dost thou not even fear God, that thou art in the same judgment? and we indeed righteously, for things worthy of what we did we receive back, but this one did nothing out of place;' and he said to Jesus, 'Remember me, lord, when thou mayest come in thy reign;' and Jesus said to him, 'Verily I say to thee, To-day with me thou shalt be in the paradise.'
(Luke 23:26-43 YLT)
On the Road to Emmaus
And, lo, two of them were going on during that day to a village, distant sixty furlongs from Jerusalem, the name of which is Emmaus, and they were conversing with one another about all these things that have happened.
And it came to pass in their conversing and reasoning together, that Jesus himself, having come nigh, was going on with them, and their eyes were holden so as not to know him, and he said unto them, 'What are these words that ye exchange with one another, walking, and ye are sad?'
And the one, whose name was Cleopas, answering, said unto him, 'Art thou alone such a stranger in Jerusalem, that thou hast not known the things that came to pass in it in these days?'
And he said to them, 'What things?'
And they said to him, 'The things about Jesus of Nazareth, who became a man--a prophet--powerful in deed and word, before God and all the people, how also the chief priests and our rulers did deliver him up to a judgment of death, and crucified him; and we were hoping that he it is who is about to redeem Israel, and also with all these things, this third day is passing to-day, since these things happened.
'And certain women of ours also astonished us, coming early to the tomb, and not having found his body, they came, saying also to have seen an apparition of messengers, who say he is alive, and certain of those with us went away unto the tomb, and found as even the women said, and him they saw not.'
And he said unto them, 'O inconsiderate and slow in heart, to believe on all that the prophets spake! Was it not behoving the Christ these things to suffer, and to enter into his glory?' and having begun from Moses, and from all the prophets, he was expounding to them in all the Writings the things about himself.
And they came nigh to the village whither they were going, and he made an appearance of going on further, and they constrained him, saying, 'Remain with us, for it is toward evening,' and the day did decline, and he went in to remain with them.
And it came to pass, in his reclining (at meat) with them, having taken the bread, he blessed, and having broken, he was giving to them, and their eyes were opened, and they recognized him, and he became unseen by them. And they said one to another, 'Was not our heart burning within us, as he was speaking to us in the way, and as he was opening up to us the Writings?'
And they, having risen up the same hour, turned back to Jerusalem, and found gathered together the eleven, and those with them, saying—'The Lord was raised indeed, and was seen by Simon;' and they were telling the things in the way, and how he was made known to them in the breaking of the bread, and as they are speaking these things, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them, and saith to them, 'Peace—to you;' and being amazed, and becoming affrighted, they were thinking themselves to see a spirit.
And he said to them, 'Why are ye troubled? and wherefore do reasonings come up in your hearts? see my hands and my feet, that I am he; handle me and see, because a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me having.'
And having said this, he shewed to them the hands and the feet, and while they are not believing from the joy, and wondering, he said to them, 'Have ye anything here to eat?' and they gave to him part of a broiled fish, and of an honeycomb, and having taken, he did eat before them, and he said to them, 'These are the words that I spake unto you, being yet with you, that it behoveth to be fulfilled all the things that are written in the Law of Moses, and the Prophets, and the Psalms, about me.'
Then opened he up their understanding to understand the Writings, and he said to them—'Thus it hath been written, and thus it was behoving the Christ to suffer, and to rise out of the dead the third day, and reformation and remission of sins to be proclaimed in his name to all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem: and ye—ye are witnesses of these things.
'And, lo, I do send the promise of my Father upon you, but ye—abide ye in the city of Jerusalem till ye be clothed with power from on high.'
And he led them forth without—unto Bethany, and having lifted up his hands he did bless them, and it came to pass, in his blessing them, he was parted from them, and was borne up to the heaven; and they, having bowed before him, did turn back to Jerusalem with great joy, and were continually in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen. (Luke 24:13-53 YLT)
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And it came to pass, on one of the days, that he was teaching, and there were sitting by Pharisees and teachers of the Law, who were come out of every village of Galilee, and Judea, and Jerusalem, and the power of the Lord was—to heal them.
And lo, men bearing upon a couch a man, who hath been struck with palsy, and they were seeking to bring him in, and to place before him, and not having found by what way they may bring him in because of the multitude, having gone up on the house-top, through the tiles they let him down, with the little couch, into the midst before Jesus, and he having seen their faith, said to him, 'Man, thy sins have been forgiven thee.'
And the scribes and the Pharisees began to reason, saying, 'Who is this that doth speak evil words? who is able to forgive sins, except God only?'
And Jesus having known their reasonings, answering, said unto them, 'What reason ye in your hearts? which is easier—to say, Thy sins have been forgiven thee? or to say, Arise, and walk?
'And that ye may know that the Son of Man hath authority upon the earth to forgive sins--(he said to the one struck with palsy) --I say to thee, Arise, and having taken up thy little couch, be going on to thy house.'
And presently having risen before them, having taken up that on which he was lying, he went away to his house, glorifying God, and astonishment took all, and they were glorifying God, and were filled with fear, saying—'We saw strange things to-day.' (Luke 5:17-26 YLT)
and he said to them, --'The Son of Man is lord also of the sabbath.' (Luke 6:5 YLT)
'Happy are ye when men shall hate you, and when they shall separate you, and shall reproach, and shall cast forth your name as evil, for the Son of Man's sake— rejoice in that day, and leap, for lo, your reward is great in the heaven, for according to these things were their fathers doing to the prophets. (Luke 6:22-23 YLT)
'For John the Baptist came neither eating bread nor drinking wine, and ye say, He hath a demon; the Son of Man came eating and drinking, and ye say, Lo, a man, a glutton, and a wine drinker, a friend of tax-gatherers and sinners; and the wisdom was justified from all her children.' (Luke 7:33-35 YLT)
saying—'It behoveth the Son of Man to suffer many things, and to be rejected by the elders, and chief priests, and scribes, and to be killed, and the third day to be raised.' (Luke 9:22 YLT)
'For whoever may be ashamed of me, and of my words, of this one shall the Son of Man be ashamed, when he may come in his glory, and the Father's, and the holy messengers'; and I say to you, truly, there are certain of those here standing, who shall not taste of death till they may see the reign of God.' (Luke 9:26-27 YLT)
'Lay ye to your ears these words, for the Son of Man is about to be delivered up to the hands of men.' (Luke 9:44 YLT)
for the Son of Man did not come to destroy men's lives, but to save;' and they went on to another village. (Luke 9:56 YLT)
and Jesus said to him, 'The foxes have holes, and the fowls of the heaven places of rest, but the Son of Man hath not where he may recline the head.' (Luke 9:58 YLT)
And the multitudes crowding together upon him, he began to say, 'This generation is evil, a sign it doth seek after, and a sign shall not be given to it, except the sign of Jonah the prophet, for as Jonah became a sign to the Ninevites, so also shall the Son of Man be to this generation. (Luke 11:29-30 YLT)
'And I say to you, Every one—whoever may confess with me before men, the Son of Man also shall confess with him before the messengers of God, and he who hath denied me before men, shall be denied before the messengers of God, and every one whoever shall say a word to the Son of Man, it shall be forgiven to him, but to him who to the Holy Spirit did speak evil, it shall not be forgiven. (Luke 12:8-10 YLT)
'And this know, that if the master of the house had known what hour the thief doth come, he would have watched, and would not have suffered his house to be broken through; and ye, then, become ye ready, because at the hour ye think not, the Son of Man doth come.' (Luke 12:39-40 YLT)
And he said unto his disciples, 'Days will come, when ye shall desire to see one of the days of the Son of Man, and ye shall not behold it ; and they shall say to you, Lo, here; or lo, there; ye may not go away, nor follow; for as the lightning that is lightening out of the one part under heaven, to the other part under heaven doth shine, so shall be also the Son of Man in his day; and first it behoveth him to suffer many things, and to be rejected by this generation.
'And, as it came to pass in the days of Noah, so shall it be also in the days of the Son of Man; they were eating, they were drinking, they were marrying, they were given in marriage, till the day that Noah entered into the ark, and the deluge came, and destroyed all; in like manner also, as it came to pass in the days of Lot; they were eating, they were drinking, they were buying, they were selling, they were planting, they were building; and on the day Lot went forth from Sodom, He rained fire and brimstone from heaven, and destroyed all.
'According to these things it shall be, in the day the Son of Man is revealed; in that day, he who shall be on the house top, and his vessels in the house, let him not come down to take them away; and he in the field, in like manner, let him not turn backward; remember the wife of Lot. Whoever may seek to save his life, shall lose it; and whoever may lose it, shall preserve it. (Luke 17:22-33 YLT)
I say to you, that He will execute the justice to them quickly; but the Son of Man having come, shall he find the faith upon the earth?' (Luke 18:8 YLT)
And having taken the twelve aside, he said unto them, 'Lo, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things shall be completed—that have been written through the prophets—to the Son of Man, for he shall be delivered up to the nations, and shall be mocked, and insulted, and spit upon, and having scourged they shall put him to death, and on the third day he shall rise again.' (Luke 18:31-33 YLT)
And Jesus said unto him—'To-day salvation did come to this house, inasmuch as he also is a son of Abraham; for the Son of Man came to seek and to save the lost.' (Luke 19:9-10 YLT)
'And then they shall see the Son of Man, coming in a cloud, with power and much glory; and these things beginning to happen bend yourselves back, and lift up your heads, because your redemption doth draw nigh.' (Luke 21:27-28 YLT)
'And take heed to yourselves, lest your hearts may be weighed down with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and anxieties of life, and suddenly that day may come on you, for as a snare it shall come on all those dwelling on the face of all the land, watch ye, then, in every season, praying that ye may be accounted worthy to escape all these things that are about to come to pass, and to stand before the Son of Man.' (Luke 21:34-36 YLT)
'But, lo, the hand of him delivering me up is with me on the table, and indeed the Son of Man doth go according to what hath been determined; but woe to that man through whom he is being delivered up.' (Luke 22:21-22 YLT)
And while he is speaking, lo, a multitude, and he who is called Judas, one of the twelve, was coming before them, and he came nigh to Jesus to kiss him, and Jesus said to him, 'Judas, with a kiss the Son of Man dost thou deliver up?' (Luke 22:47-48 YLT)
And when it became day there was gathered together the eldership of the people, chief priests also, and scribes, and they led him up to their own sanhedrim, saying, 'If thou be the Christ, tell us.' And he said to them, 'If I may tell you, ye will not believe; and if I also question you, ye will not answer me or send me away; henceforth, there shall be the Son of Man sitting on the right hand of the power of God.' (Luke 22:66-69 YLT)
And it came to pass, while they are perplexed about this, that lo, two men stood by them in glittering apparel, and on their having become afraid, and having inclined the face to the earth, they said to them, 'Why do ye seek the living with the dead? he is not here, but was raised; remember how he spake to you, being yet in Galilee, saying--It behoveth the Son of Man to be delivered up to the hands of sinful men, and to be crucified, and the third day to rise again.' (Luke 24:4-7 YLT)
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'But I say to you who are hearing, Love your enemies, do good to those hating you, bless those cursing you, and pray for those accusing you falsely; and to him smiting thee upon the cheek, give also the other, and from him taking away from thee the mantle, also the coat thou mayest not keep back.
'And to every one who is asking of thee, be giving; and from him who is taking away thy goods, be not asking again; and as ye wish that men may do to you, do ye also to them in like manner; and—if ye love those loving you, what grace have ye? for also the sinful love those loving them; and if ye do good to those doing good to you, what grace have ye? for also the sinful do the same; and if ye lend to those of whom ye hope to receive back, what grace have ye? for also the sinful lend to sinners—that they may receive again as much.
'But love your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again, and your reward will be great, and ye shall be sons of the Highest, because He is kind unto the ungracious and evil; be ye therefore merciful, as also your Father is merciful. (Luke 6:27-36 YLT)
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And they sailed down to the region of the Gadarenes, that is over-against Galilee, and he having gone forth upon the land, there met him a certain man, out of the city, who had demons for a long time, and with a garment was not clothed, and in a house was not abiding, but in the tombs, and having seen Jesus, and having cried out, he fell before him, and with a loud voice, said, 'What—to me and to thee, Jesus, Son of God Most High? I beseech thee, mayest thou not afflict me!'
For he commanded the unclean spirit to come forth from the man, for many times it had caught him, and he was being bound with chains and fetters—guarded, and breaking asunder the bonds he was driven by the demons to the deserts.
And Jesus questioned him, saying, 'What is thy name?' and he said, 'Legion,' (because many demons were entered into him,) and he was calling on him, that he may not command them to go away to the abyss, and there was there a herd of many swine feeding in the mountain, and they were calling on him, that he might suffer them to enter into these, and he suffered them, and the demons having gone forth from the man, did enter into the swine, and the herd rushed down the steep to the lake, and were choked.
And those feeding them, having seen what was come to pass, fled, and having gone, told it to the city, and to the fields; and they came forth to see what was come to pass, and they came unto Jesus, and found the man sitting, out of whom the demons had gone forth, clothed, and right-minded, at the feet of Jesus, and they were afraid; and those also having seen it, told them how the demoniac was saved.
And the whole multitude of the region of the Gadarenes round about asked him to go away from them, because with great fear they were pressed, and he having entered into the boat, did turn back. And the man from whom the demons had gone forth was beseeching of him to be with him, and Jesus sent him away, saying, 'Turn back to thy house, and tell how great things God did to thee;' and he went away through all the city proclaiming how great things Jesus did to him. (Luke 8:26-39 YLT)
And when it became day there was gathered together the eldership of the people, chief priests also, and scribes, and they led him up to their own sanhedrim, saying, 'If thou be the Christ, tell us.'
And he said to them, 'If I may tell you, ye will not believe; and if I also question you, ye will not answer me or send me away; henceforth, there shall be the Son of Man sitting on the right hand of the power of God.'
And they all said, 'Thou, then, art the Son of God?' and he said unto them, 'Ye say it, because I am;' and they said, 'What need yet have we of testimony? for we ourselves did hear it from his mouth.' (Luke 22:66-71 YLT)
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And it came to pass, after these words, as it were eight days, that having taken Peter, and John, and James, he went up to the mountain to pray, and it came to pass, in his praying, the appearance of his face became altered, and his garment white—sparkling.
And lo, two men were speaking together with him, who were Moses and Elijah, who having appeared in glory, spake of his outgoing that he was about to fulfil in Jerusalem, but Peter and those with him were heavy with sleep, and having waked, they saw his glory, and the two men standing with him.
And it came to pass, in their parting from him, Peter said unto Jesus, 'Master, it is good to us to be here; and we may make three booths, one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah,' not knowing what he saith: and as he was speaking these things, there came a cloud, and overshadowed them, and they feared in their entering into the cloud, and a voice came out of the cloud saying, 'This is My Son--the Beloved; hear ye him;' and when the voice was past, Jesus was found alone; and they were silent, and declared to no one in those days anything of what they have seen. (Luke 9:28-36 YLT)
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And it came to pass, in his coming nigh to Jericho, a certain blind man was sitting beside the way begging, and having heard a multitude going by, he was inquiring what this may be, and they brought him word that Jesus the Nazarene doth pass by, and he cried out, saying, ‘Jesus, Son of David, deal kindly with me;' and those going before were rebuking him, that he might be silent, but he was much more crying out, 'Son of David, deal kindly with me.'
And Jesus having stood, commanded him to be brought unto him, and he having come nigh, he questioned him, saying, 'What wilt thou I shall do to thee?' and he said, 'Sir, that I may receive sight.'
And Jesus said to him, 'Receive thy sight; thy faith hath saved thee;' and presently he did receive sight, and was following him, glorifying God; and all the people, having seen, did give praise to God. (Luke 18:35-43 YLT)
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THE ACTS of the APOSTLES
'Men, Israelites! hear these words, Jesus the Nazarene, a man approved of God among you by mighty works, and wonders, and signs, that God did through him in the midst of you, according as also ye yourselves have known; this one, by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, being given out, having taken by lawless hands, having crucified—ye did slay; whom God did raise up, having loosed the pains of the death, because it was not possible for him to be held by it, for David saith in regard to him:
I foresaw the Lord always before me—because He is on my right hand—that I may not be moved; because of this was my heart cheered, and my tongue was glad, and yet—my flesh also shall rest on hope, because Thou wilt not leave my soul to hades, nor wilt Thou give Thy Kind One to see corruption; Thou didst make known to me ways of life, Thou shalt fill me with joy with Thy countenance.
'Men, brethren! it is permitted to speak with freedom unto you concerning the patriarch David, that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is among us unto this day; a prophet, therefore, being, and knowing that with an oath God did swear to him, out of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, to raise up the Christ, to sit upon his throne, having foreseen, he did speak concerning the rising again of the Christ, that his soul was not left to hades, nor did his flesh see corruption.
'This Jesus did God raise up, of which we are all witnesses; at the right hand then of God having been exalted—also the promise of the Holy Spirit having received from the Father—he was shedding forth this, which now ye see and hear; for David did not go up to the heavens, and he saith himself:
The Lord saith to my lord, Sit thou at my right hand, till I make thy foes thy footstool;
assuredly, therefore, let all the house of Israel know, that both Lord and Christ did God make him—this Jesus whom ye did crucify.'
And having heard, they were pricked to the heart; they say also to Peter, and to the rest of the apostles, 'What shall we do, men, brethren?' and Peter said unto them, 'Reform, and be baptized each of you on the name of Jesus Christ, to remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit, for to you is the promise, and to your children, and to all those afar off, as many as the Lord our God shall call.'
Also with many more other words he was testifying and exhorting, saying, 'Be saved from this perverse generation;' then those, indeed, who did gladly receive his word were baptized, and there were added on that day, as it were, three thousand souls, and they were continuing stedfastly in the teaching of the apostles, and the fellowship, and the breaking of the bread, and the prayers. (Acts 2:22-42 YLT)
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And at the lame man who was healed holding Peter and John, all the people ran together unto them in the porch called Solomon's—greatly amazed, and Peter having seen, answered unto the people, 'Men, Israelites! why wonder ye at this? or on us why look ye so earnestly, as if by our own power or piety we have made him to walk?
'The God of Abraham, and of Isaac, and of Jacob, the God of our fathers, did glorify His child Jesus, whom ye delivered up, and denied him in the presence of Pilate, he having given judgment to release him , and ye the Holy and Righteous One did deny, and desired a man—a murderer—to be granted to you, and the Prince of the life ye did kill, whom God did raise out of the dead, of which we are witnesses; and on the faith of his name, this one whom ye see and have known, his name made strong, even the faith that is through him did give to him this perfect soundness before you all.
'And now, brethren, I have known that through ignorance ye did it , as also your rulers; and God, what things before He had declared through the mouth of all His prophets, that the Christ should suffer, He did thus fulfil; reform ye, therefore, and turn back, for your sins being blotted out, that times of refreshing may come from the presence of the Lord, and He may send Jesus Christ who before hath been preached to you, whom it behoveth heaven, indeed, to receive till times of a restitution of all things, of which God spake through the mouth of all His holy prophets from the age.
'For Moses, indeed, unto the fathers said -- A prophet to you shall the Lord your God raise up out of your brethren, like to me; him shall ye hear in all things, as many as he may speak unto you; and it shall be, every soul that may not hear that prophet shall be utterly destroyed out of the people; and also all the prophets from Samuel and those following in order, as many as spake, did also foretell of these days.
'Ye are sons of the prophets, and of the covenant that God made unto our fathers, saying unto Abraham: And in thy seed shall be blessed all the families of the earth; to you first, God, having raised up His child Jesus, did send him, blessing you, in the turning away of each one from your evil ways.' (Acts 3:11-26 YLT)
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And as they are speaking unto the people, there came to them the priests, and the magistrate of the temple, and the Sadducees— being grieved because of their teaching the people, and preaching in Jesus the rising again out of the dead— and they laid hands upon them, and did put them in custody unto the morrow, for it was evening already; and many of those hearing the word did believe, and the number of the men became, as it were, five thousand.
And it came to pass upon the morrow, there were gathered together of them the rulers, and elders, and scribes, to Jerusalem, and Annas the chief priest, and Caiaphas, and John, and Alexander, and as many as were of the kindred of the chief priest, and having set them in the midst, they were inquiring, 'In what power, or in what name did ye do this?'
Then Peter, having been filled with the Holy Spirit, said unto them: 'Rulers of the people, and elders of Israel, if we to-day are examined concerning the good deed to the ailing man, by whom he hath been saved, be it known to all of you, and to all the people of Israel, that in the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom ye did crucify, whom God did raise out of the dead, in him hath this one stood by before you whole.
'This is the stone that was set at nought by you—the builders, that became head of a corner; and there is not salvation in any other, for there is no other name under the heaven that hath been given among men, in which it behoveth us to be saved.'
And beholding the openness of Peter and John, and having perceived that they are men unlettered and plebeian, they were wondering—they were taking knowledge also of them that with Jesus they had been— and seeing the man standing with them who hath been healed, they had nothing to say against it, and having commanded them to go away out of the sanhedrim, they took counsel with one another, saying, 'What shall we do to these men? because that, indeed, a notable sign hath been done through them, to all those dwelling in Jerusalem is manifest, and we are not able to deny it ; but that it may spread no further toward the people, let us strictly threaten them no more to speak in this name to any man.'
And having called them, they charged them not to speak at all, nor to teach, in the name of Jesus, and Peter and John answering unto them said, 'Whether it is righteous before God to hearken to you rather than to God, judge ye; for we cannot but speak what we did see and hear.'
And they having further threatened them, let them go, finding nothing how they may punish them, because of the people, because all were glorifying God for that which hath been done, for above forty years of age was the man upon whom had been done this sign of the healing.
And being let go, they went unto their own friends, and declared whatever the chief priests and the elders said unto them, and they having heard, with one accord did lift up the voice unto God, and said, 'Lord, thou art God, who didst make the heaven, and the earth, and the sea, and all that are in them, who, through the mouth of David thy servant, did say, Why did nations rage, and peoples meditate vain things? the kings of the earth stood up, and the rulers were gathered together against the Lord and against His Christ; for gathered together of a truth against Thy holy child Jesus, whom Thou didst anoint, were both Herod and Pontius Pilate, with nations and peoples of Israel, to do whatever Thy hand and Thy counsel did determine before to come to pass.
'And now, Lord, look upon their threatenings, and grant to Thy servants with all freedom to speak Thy word, in the stretching forth of Thy hand, for healing, and signs, and wonders, to come to pass through the name of Thy holy child Jesus.'
And they having prayed, the place was shaken in which they were gathered together, and they were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and were speaking the word of God with freedom, and of the multitude of those who did believe the heart and the soul was one, and not one was saying that anything of the things he had was his own, but all things were to them in common.
And with great power were the apostles giving the testimony to the rising again of the Lord Jesus, great grace also was on them all, for there was not any one among them who did lack, for as many as were possessors of fields, or houses, selling them, were bringing the prices of the thing sold, and were laying them at the feet of the apostles, and distribution was being made to each according as any one had need. And Joses, who was surnamed by the apostles Barnabas—which is, having been interpreted, Son of Comfort—a Levite, of Cyprus by birth, a field being his, having sold it, brought the money and laid it at the feet of the apostles. (Acts 4:1-37 YLT)
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And Peter having opened his mouth, said, 'Of a truth, I perceive that God is no respecter of persons, but in every nation he who is fearing Him, and is working righteousness, is acceptable to Him; the word that he sent to the sons of Israel, proclaiming good news—peace through Jesus Christ (this one is Lord of all,) ye—ye have known; —the word that came throughout all Judea, having begun from Galilee, after the baptism that John preached; Jesus who is from Nazareth—how God did anoint him with the Holy Spirit and power; who went through, doing good, and healing all those oppressed by the devil, because God was with him; and we—we are witnesses of all things that he did, both in the country of the Jews, and in Jerusalem, —whom they did slay, having hanged upon a tree.
'This one God did raise up the third day, and gave him to become manifest, not to all the people, but to witnesses, to those having been chosen before by God—to us who did eat with him , and did drink with him, after his rising out of the dead; and he commanded us to preach to the people, and to testify fully that it is he who hath been ordained by God judge of living and dead— to this one do all the prophets testify, that through his name every one that is believing in him doth receive remission of sins.'
While Peter is yet speaking these sayings, the Holy spirit fell upon all those hearing the word, and those of the circumcision believing were astonished—as many as came with Peter—because also upon the nations the gift of the Holy Spirit hath been poured out, for they were hearing them speaking with tongues and magnifying God. Then answered Peter, 'The water is any one able to forbid, that these may not be baptized, who the Holy Spirit did receive—even as also we?' he commanded them also to be baptized in the name of the Lord; then they besought him to remain certain days. (Acts 10:34-48 YLT)
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And the chief priest said, 'Are then these things so?' and he said, 'Men, brethren, and fathers, hearken: The God of the glory did appear to our father Abraham, being in Mesopotamia, before his dwelling in Haran, and He said to him, Go forth out of thy land, and out of thy kindred, and come to a land that I shall shew thee.
'Then having come forth out of the land of the Chaldeans, he dwelt in Haran, and from thence, after the death of his father, He did remove him to this land wherein ye now dwell, and He gave him no inheritance in it, not even a footstep, and did promise to give it to him for a possession, and to his seed after him—he having no child.
'And God spake thus, That his seed shall be sojourning in a strange land, and they shall cause it to serve, and shall do it evil four hundred years, and the nation whom they shall serve I will judge, said God; and after these things they shall come forth and shall do Me service in this place.
'And He gave to him a covenant of circumcision, and so he begat Isaac, and did circumcise him on the eighth day, and Isaac begat Jacob, and Jacob—the twelve patriarchs; and the patriarchs, having been moved with jealousy, sold Joseph to Egypt, and God was with him, and did deliver him out of all his tribulations, and gave him favour and wisdom before Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he did set him—governor over Egypt and all his house.
'And there came a dearth upon all the land of Egypt and Canaan, and great tribulation, and our fathers were not finding sustenance, and Jacob having heard that there was corn in Egypt, sent forth our fathers a first time; and at the second time was Joseph made known to his brethren, and Joseph's kindred became manifest to Pharaoh, and Joseph having sent, did call for his father Jacob, and all his kindred—with seventy and five souls— and Jacob went down to Egypt, and died, himself and our fathers, and they were carried over into Sychem, and were laid in the tomb that Abraham bought for a price in money from the sons of Emmor, of Sychem.
'And according as the time of the promise was drawing nigh, which God did swear to Abraham, the people increased and multiplied in Egypt, till another king rose, who had not known Joseph; this one, having dealt subtilely with our kindred, did evil to our fathers, causing to expose their babes, that they might not live; in which time Moses was born, and he was fair to God, and he was brought up three months in the house of his father; and he having been exposed, the daughter of Pharaoh took him up, and did rear him to herself for a son; and Moses was taught in all wisdom of the Egyptians, and he was powerful in words and in works.
'And when forty years were fulfilled to him, it came upon his heart to look after his brethren, the sons of Israel; and having seen a certain one suffering injustice, he did defend, and did justice to the oppressed, having smitten the Egyptian; and he was supposing his brethren to understand that God through his hand doth give salvation; and they did not understand.
'On the succeeding day, also, he shewed himself to them as they are striving, and urged them to peace, saying, Men, brethren are ye, wherefore do ye injustice to one another? and he who is doing injustice to the neighbour, did thrust him away, saying, Who set thee a ruler and a judge over us? to kill me dost thou wish, as thou didst kill yesterday the Egyptian?
'And Moses fled at this word, and became a sojourner in the land of Midian, where he begat two sons, and forty years having been fulfilled, there appeared to him in the wilderness of mount Sinai a messenger of the Lord, in a flame of fire of a bush, and Moses having seen did wonder at the sight; and he drawing near to behold, there came a voice of the Lord unto him, I am the God of thy fathers; the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.
'And Moses having become terrified, durst not behold, and the Lord said to him, Loose the sandal of thy feet, for the place in which thou hast stood is holy ground; seeing I have seen the affliction of My people that is in Egypt, and their groaning I did hear, and came down to deliver them; and now come, I will send thee to Egypt.
'This Moses, whom they did refuse, saying, Who did set thee a ruler and a judge? this one God a ruler and a redeemer did send, in the hand of a messenger who appeared to him in the bush; this one did bring them forth, having done wonders and signs in the land of Egypt, and in the Red Sea, and in the wilderness forty years; this is the Moses who did say to the sons of Israel: A prophet to you shall the Lord your God raise up out of your brethren, like to me, him shall ye hear.
'This is he who was in the assembly in the wilderness, with the messenger who is speaking to him in the mount Sinai, and with our fathers who did receive the living oracles to give to us; to whom our fathers did not wish to become obedient, but did thrust away, and turned back in their hearts to Egypt, saying to Aaron, Make to us gods who shall go on before us, for this Moses, who brought us forth out of the land of Egypt, we have not known what hath happened to him.
'And they made a calf in those days, and brought a sacrifice to the idol, and were rejoicing in the works of their hands, and God did turn, and did give them up to do service to the host of the heaven, according as it hath been written in the scroll of the prophets: Slain beasts and sacrifices did ye offer to Me forty years in the wilderness, O house of Israel? and ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch, and the star of your god Remphan—the figures that ye made to bow before them, and I will remove your dwelling beyond Babylon.
'The tabernacle of the testimony was among our fathers in the wilderness, according as He did direct, who is speaking to Moses, to make it according to the figure that he had seen; which also our fathers having in succession received, did bring in with Joshua, into the possession of the nations whom God did drive out from the presence of our fathers, till the days of David, who found favour before God, and requested to find a tabernacle for the God of Jacob; and Solomon built Him an house.
'But the Most High in sanctuaries made with hands doth not dwell, according as the prophet saith: The heaven is My throne, and the earth My footstool; what house will ye build to Me? saith the Lord, or what is the place of My rest? hath not My hand made all these things?
'Ye stiff-necked and uncircumcised in heart and in ears! ye do always the Holy Spirit resist; as your fathers—also ye; which of the prophets did not your fathers persecute? and they killed those who declared before about the coming of the Righteous One, of whom now ye betrayers and murderers have become, who received the law by arrangement of messengers, and did not keep it.'
And hearing these things, they were cut to the hearts, and did gnash the teeth at him; and being full of the Holy Spirit, having looked stedfastly to the heaven, he saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of God, and he said, 'Lo, I see the heavens having been opened, and the Son of Man standing on the right hand of God.'
And they, having cried out with a loud voice, stopped their ears, and did rush with one accord upon him, and having cast him forth outside of the city, they were stoning him —and the witnesses did put down their garments at the feet of a young man called Saul— and they were stoning Stephen, calling and saying, 'Lord Jesus, receive my spirit;' and having bowed the knees, he cried with a loud voice, 'Lord, mayest thou not lay to them this sin;' and this having said, he fell asleep. (Acts 7:1-60 YLT)
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And those about Paul having set sail from Paphos, came to Perga of Pamphylia, and John having departed from them, did turn back to Jerusalem, and they having gone through from Perga, came to Antioch of Pisidia, and having gone into the synagogue on the sabbath-day, they sat down, and after the reading of the law and of the prophets, the chief men of the synagogue sent unto them, saying, 'Men, brethren, if there be a word in you of exhortation unto the people—say on.'
And Paul having risen, and having beckoned with the hand, said, 'Men, Israelites, and those fearing God, hearken: the God of this people Israel did choose our fathers, and the people He did exalt in their sojourning in the land of Egypt, and with an high arm did He bring them out of it; and about a period of forty years He did suffer their manners in the wilderness, and having destroyed seven nations in the land of Canaan, He did divide by lot to them their land.
'And after these things, about four hundred and fifty years, He gave judges—till Samuel the prophet; and thereafter they asked for a king, and God did give to them Saul, son of Kish, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, for forty years; and having removed him, He did raise up to them David for king, to whom also having testified, he said, I found David, the son of Jesse, a man according to My heart, who shall do all My will.
'Of this one's seed God, according to promise, did raise to Israel a Saviour—Jesus, John having first preached, before his coming, a baptism of reformation to all the people of Israel; and as John was fulfilling the course, he said, Whom me do ye suppose to be? I am not he, but, lo, he doth come after me, of whom I am not worthy to loose the sandal of his feet.
'Men, brethren, sons of the race of Abraham, and those among you fearing God, to you was the word of this salvation sent, for those dwelling in Jerusalem, and their chiefs, this one not having known, also the voices of the prophets, which every sabbath are being read—having judged him —did fulfil, and no cause of death having found, they did ask of Pilate that he should be slain, and when they did complete all the things written about him, having taken him down from the tree, they laid him in a tomb; and God did raise him out of the dead, and he was seen for many days of those who did come up with him from Galilee to Jerusalem, who are his witnesses unto the people.
'And we to you do proclaim good news—that the promise made unto the fathers, God hath in full completed this to us their children, having raised up Jesus, as also in the second Psalm it hath been written, My Son thou art—I to-day have begotten thee.
'And that He did raise him up out of the dead, no more to return to corruption, he hath said thus—I will give to you the faithful kindnesses of David; wherefore also in another place he saith, Thou shalt not give Thy kind One to see corruption, for David, indeed, his own generation having served by the will of God, did fall asleep, and was added unto his fathers, and saw corruption, but he whom God did raise up, did not see corruption.
'Let it therefore be known to you, men, brethren, that through this one to you is the forgiveness of sins declared, and from all things from which ye were not able in the law of Moses to be declared righteous, in this one every one who is believing is declared righteous; see, therefore, it may not come upon you that hath been spoken in the prophets: See, ye despisers, and wonder, and perish, because a work I—I do work in your days, a work in which ye may not believe, though any one may declare it to you.'
And having gone forth out of the synagogue of the Jews, the nations were calling upon them that on the next sabbath these sayings may be spoken to them, and the synagogue having been dismissed, many of the Jews and of the devout proselytes did follow Paul and Barnabas, who, speaking to them, were persuading them to remain in the grace of God.
And on the coming sabbath, almost all the city was gathered together to hear the word of God, and the Jews having seen the multitudes, were filled with zeal, and did contradict the things spoken by Paul—contradicting and speaking evil.
And speaking boldly, Paul and Barnabas said, 'To you it was necessary that first the word of God be spoken, and seeing ye do thrust it away, and do not judge yourselves worthy of the life age-during, lo, we do turn to the nations; for so hath the Lord commanded us: I have set thee for a light of nations—for thy being for salvation unto the end of the earth.'
And the nations hearing were glad, and were glorifying the word of the Lord, and did believe—as many as were appointed to life age-during; and the word of the Lord was spread abroad through all the region. And the Jews stirred up the devout and honourable women, and the first men of the city, and did raise persecution against Paul and Barnabas, and did put them out from their borders; and they having shaken off the dust of their feet against them, came to Iconium, and the disciples were filled with joy and the Holy Spirit. (Acts 13:13-52 YLT)
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